Pelham

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A type of horse bit known as a curb bit which has a single mouthpiece to which two reins may be attached – aims to combine the two bits of a double bridle into a single mouthpiece…

Diagram of a port mouth pelham horse bit

Port Mouth Pelham
Just One Example Of The Assorted Pelham Bits Available

Here is a fuller explanation from one of our facebook friends, Jeanette. If you would like to offer better explanations for any of our equestrian glossary terms, please use the comment box

The Pelham bit is often used for horses that prove to strong in a snaffle, the Pelham is a very popular bit. It uses a variety of pressures, which all in all seem to work together to prove a very useful bit. Basically the Pelham is an incorporation of the Weymouth and bradoon, and should theoretically be used with 2 reins, the first rein is attached to the snaffle rein, and the second rein attached to the ring at the bottom of the shank, when the first rein is used the Pelham acts like a hanging cheek snaffle, putting slight pressure on the poll and carious pressures in the mouth depending on the mouthpiece, when the second rein is brought into play, this increases the leverage and lip pressure, and also the curb chain comes into play, the greater the distance between the cheek slot and the mouthpiece the greater the poll pressure, the greater the length of shank the greater the amount of leverage. The curb chain should be fitted so that the curb chain tightens when the second rein is brought into play, but there must be a bit of give so not to tighten up straight away




Equestrian sport and activity is full of odd sounding terms and definitions which is why we decided to put together a comprehensive index of known equine terms, most are British , some are American and a few are specific to Europe


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4 Responses

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  1. Stable Stuff glad i am of some use x

  2. have to say Jeanette, what a great description…we will be very ahppy to leave that on the website if thats ok with you…thanks 🙂

  3. The Pelham bit is often used for horses that prove to strong in a snaffle, the Pelham is a very popular bit. It uses a variety of pressures, which all in all seem to work together to prove a very useful bit. Basically the Pelham is an incorporation of the Weymouth and bradoon, and should theoretically be used with 2 reins, the first rein is attached to the snaffle rein, and the second rein attached to the ring at the bottom of the shank, when the first rein is used the Pelham acts like a hanging cheek snaffle, putting slight pressure on the poll and carious pressures in the mouth depending on the mouthpiece, when the second rein is brought into play, this increases the leverage and lip pressure, and also the curb chain comes into play, the greater the distance between the cheek slot and the mouthpiece the greater the poll pressure, the greater the length of shank the greater the amount of leverage. The curb chain should be fitted so that the curb chain tightens when the second rein is brought into play, but there must be a bit of give so not to tighten up straight away.

  4. can anyone offer a better description of a Pelham bit? in simple, concise and easy to understand language? we think our description is a little confusing and your feedback is always helpful and appreciated…

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